Biology-Bugs-Termites-Macrotermes bellicosus

Cortez Deacetis

Termites are often referred to as ‘white ants’, but they are not ants and are not related to them. They are most abundant in tropical and sub-tropical nations around the world in which, in some scenarios, their ‘nests give increase to big, distinguished mounds. All termites type in depth colonies with one particular egg-laying queen and hundreds or hundreds of workers. The employees are nymphs whose enhancement to reproductive grown ups is suppressed. Most of them carry out responsibilities in the nest, feeding the queen and the young, nest building and gathering food items but some staff establish into ‘soldiers’ with huge heads and extensive jaws. Their position is to defend the nest from thieves.

At specified times of the calendar year, some of the staff finish their improvement and come to be winged grown ups, both male and feminine. These depart the nest in dense swarms and sooner or later land on the floor, get rid of their wings and mate. The feminine then lays eggs in the soil and so starts a new colony. Macrotermes bellicosus is an African termite which can make spectacular mounds. The personnel create the mounds by combining sand and clay with their saliva. Just above ground there is a central ‘nest’ with a network of tunnels several of which hook up with underground passages top to a fantastic supply of meals. In the nest, the queen does nothing at all but create eggs. Her stomach swells so a great deal that she can’t go and the staff feed her and have absent the eggs as rapid as she can lay them.

Termites feed exclusively on plant product, mostly the cellulose in woody tissues. Some termites can digest the cellulose, occasionally with the help of a inhabitants of single-celled organisms in their gut, but Macrotermes delivers the plant substance back again to the nest and chews it to a pulp. On beds of this chewed pulp and termite faeces, fungi grow. Macrotermes feeds on the fungi or on the wooden pulp which has been partially digested by the fungus.

If termites burrow into picket buildings to acquire their cellulose, they bring about damage.

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